Recognize Symptoms of High Blood Pressure After Childbirth.

High blood pressure after childbirth in medical terms is called postpartum preeclampsia. This condition occurs when a woman has high blood pressure and excess protein in her urine after childbirth. Postpartum preeclampsia is harmful to the mother and fetus so this condition requires immediate medical treatment.

Causes and risk factors for postpartum preeclampsia

Postpartum preeclampsia.

During this time most people think preeclampsia can only occur during pregnancy or before giving birth. This is not the case. The reason, some people may experience this condition after the birth process passes. Most cases of postpartum preeclampsia can develop within 48 hours after delivery. In some cases, this condition can sometimes develop up to six weeks after delivery. Postpartum preeclampsia is usually characterized by symptoms similar to preeclampsia during pregnancy, such as:

  1. Blood pressure rises to 140/90 mmHg or more
  2. Often severe headaches
  3. View becomes blurred
  4. Upper abdominal pain (usually below the ribs on the right side)
  5. Get tired quickly
  6. Muscle or joint pain
  7. Swelling, especially on the feet
  8. Rarely urinate
  9. Weight gain suddenly
Preeclampsia after delivery is a rare condition. However, if you have high blood pressure after childbirth, you need immediate medical treatment. Because if not treated immediately, this can cause seizures and serious complications after childbirth.

Causes and risk factors for postpartum preeclampsia.

Until now, the cause of preeclampsia after delivery is not yet known for certain. However, based on limited studies indicating that risk factors for postnatal preeclampsia include:

  1. Have hypertension disease. If before you are pregnant you already have high blood pressure or you have high blood pressure after 20 weeks of pregnancy (gestational hypertension).
  2. Obesity. The risk of preeclampsia after delivery will be higher if you are obese or overweight.
  3. Family history. If your parents or siblings have a history of preeclampsia, you will have a high risk of experiencing this condition as well.
  4. Age. Women aged under 20 or over 40 years are at increased risk for preeclampsia.
  5. Multiple pregnancies. Having multiple, three, or more twin pregnancies will also increase your risk of developing preeclampsia.
Recent research has shown that the father's genes also play a role in the increased risk of preeclampsia. In many cases, preeclampsia after birth has generally been experienced since pregnancy. Only, the symptoms just appear after childbirth.

Complications.

  1. Eclampsia after childbirth. Eclampsia after childbirth is basically pre-eclampsia after delivery coupled with seizures. This condition can permanently damage vital organs, including your brain, liver, and kidneys. If not treated immediately, this condition can also lead to coma, even death.
  2. Pulmonary edema. This life-threatening lung condition occurs when excess fluid develops in the lungs.
  3. Stroke. The stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is disconnected or reduced. This condition is a medical emergency.
  4. HELLP syndrome. HELLP syndrome (Hemolysis, Elevated Liver Enzymes, and Low Platelet Count) or hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet counts. HELLP syndrome, along with preeclampsia, results in many maternal deaths associated with hypertension.
  5. Like preeclampsia disease, preeclampsia after childbirth can also increase the risk of heart disease in the future.

Prevent high blood pressure after delivery.

There are several things you can do to prevent preeclampsia after childbirth, including:
  1. Check your blood pressure regularly during pregnancy and after delivery.
  2. Keep your weight during pregnancy.
  3. Watch your food intake by applying a healthy and nutritious balanced diet, so all your vitamins and minerals needs during pregnancy are met.

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