Recognize Vomiting in Children and How to Treat Properly.

How to treat vomiting in children properly? Actually vomiting in children occasionally happens is common. However, vomiting in children occurring for days, frequent frequencies, and many that are vomited, need to be examined further. This possibility is a sign of a serious problem and requires immediate medical help.

How to treat vomiting in children properly

Recognize Causes of Vomiting in Children.

Some common causes of vomiting in children, among others:

  1. Gastroenteritis or infection of microorganisms that occur in the digestive system, also known as stomach flu or stomach flu. The signs that appear usually are diarrhea, fever, and pain.
  2. Children accidentally ingest toxic substances, such as drugs, chemicals, or contaminated food and drink.
  3. Food allergies. In addition to vomiting, symptoms that appear can be accompanied by red and itchy skin. In addition it can appear swollen on the face, around the eyes, lips, tongue, or palate.
  4. Appendicitis or appendicitis that causes more severe abdominal pain over time.
  5. Vomiting in children can also be caused by excessive body movements (eg swinging, running, or jumping), ear infections, urinary tract infections, meningitis or meningitis, to stress or anxiety.

Dealing with Vomiting in Children.

What is important for parents to remember when there is vomiting in children is to continue to give children drink water to avoid dehydration. You also provide an oralitic electrolyte liquid. Oralit dose can be adjusted with the doctor's recommendation based on the child's physical condition. But do not force the child to drink this liquid if still vomiting.

Oralite is available in powder form which is then mixed with water before drinking. Oralit contains sugars and minerals that help replace lost elements of the body due to vomiting. Breast milk, syrup, and honey water can also be a choice of fluids provided.

Give 1-2 tablespoons of liquid / drink. Add the amount of fluid 15 minutes later, to about 2-3 tablespoons, and add steadily every 15 minutes. If you still vomit, reduce the amount of fluids. Warm tea or warm ginger can also be given as a reliever nausea and vomiting in children. Another intake that can be given is a soup broth to help prevent dehydration while providing a sense of comfort. Give food every 15-20 minutes, gradually. Choose foods that contain enough calories and are easy to digest.

If the child has not been vomiting for more than 6 hours, you can start giving it solid food in the form of fruit or cereal. In older children can be given rice, potatoes, or bread. After 24 hours not vomiting, children can be fed and drunk as usual. Provision of drugs to reduce vomiting in children needs to be adjusted to the child's condition and the cause, based on the results of a doctor's examination.

Be Careful Giving Medication Vomiting in Children.

Do not indiscriminately buy over-the-counter painkillers at drug stores or pharmacies. Also avoid giving medications that contain aspirin in small children, because it raises the risk of causing Reye's syndrome. Although this is rare, it can be very dangerous. It's recommend that you consult your doctor first before giving any medication. Not only to ensure that the medicines provided are appropriate and safe, but also for the correct dosage and use, adjusted for age and weight of the child.

Conditions of Vomiting in Children to Look Out for.

Immediately consult a doctor or take it to a hospital, if vomiting in children is accompanied by:

The presence of blood in vomit.

If the blood that appears very little, you really do not need to worry too much. However, if the vomit of blood more and start colored black, directly take the child to the Emergency Installation.

Great stomach pain.

You deserve to be vigilant because this can be a symptom of appendicitis, especially if the stomach ache on the right. Also understand if the Small start to look limp and yellow signs arise. Jaundice accompanying right upper abdominal pain may be a sign of hepatitis.

Continuous vomiting.

If the child continues to vomit any food or drink that is swallowed, the child's body will lose much of the fluid and nutrients it needs.

When the child's vomiting has subsided and the appetite returns, you can start feeding it, of course, with the appropriate food type for diarrhea children. Serve the solid menu that Small people eat, including complex carbohydrates, such as bread, cereal, or rice. Add lean meats, yoghurt, fruits, and vegetables. But still avoid fatty foods, at least until fully recovered.

Although alarming, vomiting in children should be addressed with calm and alert. Then make sure the child drinks enough fluids. Make the above efforts to help overcome vomiting in children. If the child's vomiting does not improve, it is advisable to consult a doctor before giving vomiting medication to the child.

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