How Does Chlamydia Affect To Us?

Chlamydia is a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. Most chlamydia sufferers do not feel any symptoms at the beginning of getting this disease. This disease can infect men and women of all ages. However, most cases of chlamydia are encounter by young women who are sexually active.

Having unprotected sex, such as without using a condom, can increase the risk of getting chlamydia. Other contraceptives than condoms are not able to prevent you from sexually transmitted diseases.
You need to pay attention to the symptoms of this disease because chlamydia can cause permanent damage to the female reproductive system.

Infertility and ectopic pregnancy (outside the uterus) are a risk of chlamydia. Whereas in men, chlamydia can cause inflammation.

These bacteria can pass from one person to another through anal and vaginal sexual intercourse, and possibly through oral sex. If someone touches body fluids containing bacteria and then touches in the eyes, a chlamydial eye infection (chlamydial conjunctivitis) may occur.

Chlamydia can also be passed from mother to baby during childbirth. It causes pneumonia and conjunctivitis, which can be very serious in infants if not treated. You may not get chlamydia from a towel, doorknob, or toilet seat.

How Does Chlamydia Affect To Us?

How to find out Chlamydia in women?

It will be difficult for women to know whether they have chlamydia or not because most women do not experience any symptoms.

Therefore, it is very important to see a doctor once a year if you are sexually active. Your doctor can tell you about the test for chlamydia, even if you don't have any symptoms.

Sometimes, symptoms present and cause vaginal discharge that is unusual and smells or is pain during urination. Some women with chlamydia also experience pain in the lower abdomen, pain during intercourse, or vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual period.

How to find out Chlamydia in men?

A man can also experience difficulties in recognizing the symptoms of this disease and should be examined by a doctor at least once a year if sexually active. Commonly, a man may emit clear or cloudy fluid from the tip of his penis (urethra - the place where urine comes out), or itching and heat sensation around the penis hole.

Sometimes there is also swelling and pain in the testicles. Often, a man with chlamydia experiences few symptoms or no symptoms at all, so he doesn't even know if he has contracted the disease.

Chlamydia Symptoms.

Patients sometimes do not realize while has chlamydia, because most the symptoms are not always recognized. According to WebMD, 75% of women and 50% of men contract chlamydia without showing certain symptoms.

Commonly, symptoms will appear after 1 to 3 weeks. Even it appears the symptoms of chlamydia are often overlooked because they are usually not severe and soon pass. Symptoms experienced by men are different from women. The only symptom that can be experienced by both is the pain when urinating. The following symptoms can be seen:

Chlamydia Symptoms in women:

  1. The abnormal discharge that smells
  2. Bleeding outside the menstrual period
  3. There is pain during menstruation
  4. Pain in the lower stomach is accompanied by fever
  5. There is the pain when having sex
  6. Heat and itching around the vagina
  7. Pain when urinating

Chlamydia Symptoms in men:

  1. There is a slight clear or cloudy liquid that appears on the tip of the penis
  2. Pain when urinating
  3. Heat and itching in the penis hole
  4. The appearance of pain and swelling around the testicles
Chlamydia not only infects the genitals but can also infect the eyes and cause conjunctivitis if infected vaginal or sperm fluid is affected by the eye. Infected eyes will feel sore, swollen, irritated, and expelling fluid. The anus can also be infected and cause bleeding, discharge, and pain and discomfort. See a doctor immediately if you or your spouse experience symptoms as mentioned above. See a doctor immediately if you or your spouse experience symptoms as mentioned above.

Chlamydia Causes.

Chlamydia is caused by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. This bacterium is transmitted by sufferers through sexual intercourse without using a condom. Chlamydia transmission can be through oral, anal, vaginal sex, and contact with the genitals. Chlamydia can also be transmitted through sex aids that are not coated with a condom or not washed thoroughly after use.

Having sex with many people or changing partners can increase the risk of contracting chlamydia. Some other factors that can increase a person's risk of developing chlamydia are:
  1. Have had a sexually transmitted disease.
  2. Having more than one sexual partner / changing partners.
  3. Having sex without using a condom.
  4. Sexually active before the age of 18 years.
  5. Having sex using sex toys without washing them after previous use or not coated with condoms when using it.
Chlamydia is not contagious through the following:
  1. Hug
  2. Toilet seat
  3. Using the same eating utensils as sufferers
  4. Sharing towels with sufferers
  5. Kiss
  6. Swim in the same pool
  7. Take a bath in the same bathroom

Chlamydia Effects.

If left untreated in women, chlamydia can cause infection of the urethra (the place where urine is released) and inflammation (swelling and pain caused by infection) on the cervix. It can also cause pelvic inflammatory disease, infection of the uterus, uterus, or fallopian tubes. A pelvic inflammatory disease can cause infertility and ectopic pregnancy later in life. 

In men, chlamydia can cause inflammation of the urethra and epididymis (the structure that attaches to the testicles and helps move sperm). Chlamydia can also cause several complications, such as:
  1. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is also called pelvic inflammation. Pelvic inflammation occurs when bacteria have spread to infect the cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Pelvic inflammation can continue with infertility, an ectopic pregnancy (a serious condition when the egg is fertilized outside the uterus), or chronic pelvic pain.
  2. Cystitis. It occurs when inflammation of the bladder occurs.
  3. Prostatitis. It happens when the prostate gland swells.
  4. Reiter's syndrome. It causes arthritis, reddened eyes, and problems with the urinary tract.
  5. Various infections. Various infections can affect the lining of the urinary tract in men, and in the rectal or eye area.
  6. If you are pregnant and infected with chlamydia, your baby can also be infected
  7. Complications of pregnancy. Pregnant women who suffer from chlamydia can infect their fetus if they do not take medication. If this happens, the baby in the womb can experience eye and lung infections. Chlamydia can also increase the risk of a baby being born prematurely or with a low body weight.
  8. Bartholinitis or swelling of the Bartholin gland (a gland that produces lubricating fluid when a woman has sex). Bartholin's gland cyst can form if the gland is blocked and has an infection. In addition, this condition can also cause abscesses or accumulation of pus that feels painful or sore when touched, is red, and causes fever.
  9. Chlamydia can spread through the rectum of women and men. It happens because of anal sex. Usually, no symptoms indicate, but this infection can cause anal pain, discharge, and bleeding from the rectum.
  10. Salpingitis, which is inflammation of the fallopian tube which makes it difficult for the ovaries of the ovaries to get to the uterus and make it more difficult for patients to get pregnant. The risk of having an ectopic pregnancy or pregnancy outside the uterus will increase, even though the fallopian tube is only partially blocked.

Chlamydia Diagnostic.

Chlamydia can be diagnosed in an easy and painless way, namely by using a swab that is shaped like a cotton bud or through a urine sample test.

A thin swab is inserted into the tip of the penis to get a sample from the urinary or urethral drain. As for female patients, swabs are used on the inside of the lower vagina or cervix.

Swabs can be used to collect fluid samples from the eyelids if your eyes have inflammation due to chlamydia infection. In addition, swabs can also be used to take samples from the throat or anus if the patient has oral or anal sex.

The test should be done again after three months to make sure the chlamydia infection is completely gone. Chlamydia cannot be detected by blood tests or pap smears.

Chlamydia Treatment.

Doctors usually diagnose chlamydia by checking the person's urine. If you have been shown to chlamydia or are diagnosed with chlamydia, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics, which can cure the infection in 5 to 7 days.

Both of you and your partner also need to be examined and treated for chlamydia, because it might be infected with this disease without any visible symptoms. If you and your partner have a sexual contact within more than two months before the first symptoms appear, it also needs to be examined. It is important for chlamydia sufferers not to have sex until the treatments are finished.

If your sex partner has chlamydia, immediate treatment will reduce the risk of complications and will reduce your risk of re-infection if you have sex with your partner (you can be re-infected with chlamydia even when you are over treated because it doesn't make you immune).

Chlamydia Prevention.

There are several ways that we can do to prevent transmission of sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia (including gonorrhea or genital herpes), namely by using a condom during sexual intercourse and not sharing the use of sex aids. Using condoms is indeed not 100 percent eliminating the risk of getting an infection, but at least this method is quite effective in reducing the risk.

Transmission of chlamydia can also be prevented by limiting the number of sexual partners or loyal partners with just one partner. If you actively engage in sexual relations with more than one person, then you are recommended to do regular checks because chlamydia does not cause symptoms in some people.

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