Pregnancy at 35 Years Old: What Should Be Known.

What should be known to women pregnant at the age of 35 years? Deciding to have the first child or the next child at the age of 30 years or 35 years and over, could be a decision that is full of health considerations. But most pregnant women over the age of 35 can still give birth to healthy babies through careful preparation.

The risk of complications in women pregnant over age 35 is indeed higher than those pregnant at a fresher age. But many ways can be done to ensure a mother gives birth to a healthy baby.

Risk of Pregnancy at Age 35 and after.

Recognizing the risks that are more likely to occur in pregnancy after the age of 35 years can make pregnant women more vigilant and can work with doctors to deal with the situation. The risks in the issue include:

Decreased fertility.

After the age of 35 years, women's fertility tends to decrease so that it is relatively longer awaiting the arrival of the baby. It motivates by the following conditions:
  1. Decreasing the number and quality of eggs produced.
  2. Hormonal changes that result in changes in ovulation.
  3. The higher the likelihood of certain medical conditions such as endometriosis that can affect the chances of pregnancy.

An abnormal baby.

Abnormal egg division, called nondisjunction, causes the possibility of having a child with a birth defect or a condition due to chromosomal abnormalities such as Down syndrome, which will increase with age. This condition is expected to occur in 1 in 30 pregnant women aged 45 years and over.

Risk of miscarriage.

Risk of miscarriage before 4 months of gestation or the baby dying in the womb increases by about 20-35 percent in women age 35-45 compares to women are pregnant in their 20s. Miscarriage generally causes by problems on the chromosome or fetal genetics.

Preparing a Healthy Pregnancy at Age 35

Babies born prematurely or less than normal weight.

Pregnancy at the age of 35 years or more at risk of giving birth to a premature baby. It can be caused by medical conditions, twins, or other problems. Women over 35 have a higher chance of multiple or more pregnancies, especially if the pregnancy occurs with the help of fertility therapy. Premature babies (before the age of 37 weeks) usually experience LBW (Low Baby Weight). It is because the growth and development of infants are not perfect at birth. Babies born too small can increase the risk of babies having health problems at a later age.

Health problems in the mother.

Health problems such as high blood pressure and diabetes can arise during pregnancy, and these conditions are more common in pregnant women in their 30s and 40s. In addition, pregnant women at this age also tend to be more at risk of complications such as placenta previa and preeclampsia.

Cesarean section.

Pregnancy at the age of older or over 35 years increases the risk of the mother suffering from complications of the disease during pregnancy so the baby must be born by cesarean section. One condition that causes a baby to be born through a cesarean section is placenta previa, which is the state of the placenta that blocks the cervix (cervix).

Gestational diabetes.

Pregnant women over the age of 35 have a higher risk of gestational diabetes due to the influence of pregnancy hormones. Therefore, you must control the level of sugar in your blood through healthy food intake. Don't forget to keep exercising to prevent the disease from worsening. Some conditions may require you to take medication. Untreated gestational diabetes can cause the baby to grow bigger and will complicate the birth process.

Gestational hypertension.

Pregnant women over the age of 35 are also prone to gestational hypertension (high blood pressure during pregnancy). Gestational hypertension can reduce blood supply to the placenta. Always check your pregnancy to the doctor regularly. Your doctor will always control your blood pressure and fetal growth and development.

Eating healthy food, and regular exercise can prevent high blood pressure from getting worse. If the situation gets worse, you may need to take a prescription medication or you may have to give birth to your baby prematurely to prevent complications.

Preparing a Healthy Pregnancy at Age 35.

Although medically a pregnancy at the age of 35 years and over is riskier, there are still ways you can do so that babies and mothers stay healthy during pregnancy and after childbirth. Don't worry too much because most pregnant women over the age of 35 are able to give birth to healthy babies.

Check yourself regularly, especially in the early stages of pregnancy.

The first weeks are an essential period of early baby growth. Pregnant women can have their pregnancy checked to detect and deal with possible abnormalities in the baby. With regular checks, doctors can also provide early treatment if you are at risk or detected having gestational diabetes and preeclampsia.

Take vitamins for pregnant women.

Taking folic acid supplements at least 400-800 micrograms per day before and during the first 3 months of pregnancy can help prevent bodily defects in infants, particularly the spinal cord and brain. Some pre-pregnancy vitamins contain 800-1000 micrograms of folic acid which is still considered safe for consumption. But you should avoid consuming more than 1000 micrograms of folic acid.

Maintain food intake.

Pregnant women need a lot of nutrients needed for themselves and the fetus. Eating lots of varied foods helps you to meet the nutritional needs of the body. Important nutrients, such as folic acid and calcium You should eat more often in small portions. 

You can get carbohydrates from rice, corn, potatoes, and bread; good sources of fat from fish, avocados, green vegetables, and vegetable oils; source of protein from meat, chicken, fish, tofu, tempeh; and sources of vitamins and minerals from vegetables and fruits.

Normal body weight.

Women with normal weight should experience 11-15 kilograms of weight gain while pregnant while those who are overweight, 6-11 kilograms. The weight gain of pregnant women who are too little at risk affects the movement of the baby and the risk of premature birth. 

Conversely, pregnant women who are overweight are at higher risk of experiencing certain conditions such as gestational diabetes and high blood pressure. You can maintain normal body weight by:
  1. Balanced healthy diet. Choose fresh vegetables and fruits, nuts, and lean meats. Also, consume food sources of calcium and folic acid for baby's development. As a guide, you can read more about healthy food for pregnant women.
  2. Exercise regularly. Active movement every day can relieve stress and strengthen the body of pregnant women. 
  3. Control weight gain. Consult with your doctor how much weight you have to achieve. The more weight you have before you become pregnant, the less weight you have to gain when you are pregnant. And conversely, the less weight you have before becoming pregnant, the more weight you have to gain during pregnancy. Adequate weight gain during pregnancy can reduce the risk of pregnant women affected by gestational diabetes and gestational hypertension.

Stop habits that endanger the fetus.

Smoking, consuming liquor, and consuming too much-caffeinated drinks can increase the risk of mental and physical abnormalities in the womb. By avoiding all three, you can minimize the risk of preeclampsia and the risk of giving birth to a baby with a low weight. These conditions are common in women who give birth over the age of 35 years.

The good news is that at the age of 35 years and over, with understanding and awareness of a healthy lifestyle, the risks of pregnancy can be slightly reduced. If you are over 35 years old and have not managed to get a baby, you can go to the obstetrician to plan your pregnancy more intensively.

Also, read Antepartum Depression: How To Face Depression During Pregnancy.
                  Some Symptoms Of Postpartum Depression You Must Know.
                  Exercise and Gym During Pregnancy?

1 comment:

Becky turner said...

I am unable to read articles online very often. but I’m glad I did today. This is very well written and your points are well-expressed. Please don’t ever stop writing.
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