Risk of Hypertension in Women.

Hypertension is a chronic medical condition characterized by increased blood pressure on the arterial wall or more familiar with the term high blood pressure. This disorder is one of the common disorders suffered by all people without knowing gender or age. However, even though it is a common disorder, hypertension cannot be left alone because it will have a quite dangerous effect, such as a heart attack or stroke.

Hypertension in Women.

According to the results of the Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) a few years ago, it showed results if women with hypertension reached 28 percent, while men only 22 percent. From the conclusions of these studies, it can be known if women do have a higher potential for hypertension than men. And the percentage is expected to continue to increase every year.

Actually, there are many reasons and medical explanations that can strengthen if women are more prone to hypertension than men. One of them is due to the rigid arterial blood vessels experienced by women, consequently also can reduce the hormone estrogen drastically.

When the amount of estrogen decreases, the cell lining of the blood vessel wall will be damaged. This situation triggers the arrival of plaques that can increase blood pressure. Also explained, women will experience hypertension if their blood pressure reaches 140/90 mmHg or more.

Men and women at the age of 40, 50, up to the 60s have the same level of risk of developing high blood pressure. However, after menopause, women have a higher risk of developing high blood pressure than men.

In addition, hypertension can also be triggered by emotional. The basic difference between women and men is emotional. Women frequently think of everything hard enough and deeply. That will trigger stress which ultimately damages your diet and sleep patterns. If it continues to be left on, the risk of hypertension will be more threatening.

How to reduce the risk of getting hypertension?

Several risks factor hypertension in women.

The way to prevent this disease is to understand and be aware of the risk factors that exist. Consider the various risk factors for hypertension in women below:

1. Menopause.

Menopause is the most common risk factor for hypertension in women. Women's blood pressure will increase after menopause. Hormonal changes related to menopause can cause weight gain and make your blood pressure more reactive to salt.

This, in turn, can cause women's blood pressure to tend to be higher during menopause. It is important to monitor your blood pressure during and after menopause because your risk increases during this time.

2. Birth control pills.

Some studies associating the treatment of birth control pills is one risk factor for hypertension in women. It is not known why this can happen, but there are several factors that can make you more at risk of developing hypertension if you take birth control pills, including:
  1. A history of high blood pressure among members of your family
  2. Exposed to high blood pressure during pregnancy
  3. Having problems with your heart or blood vessels
  4. Smoking.

3. Pregnancy.

Pregnancy increases the risk of hypertension in women. High blood pressure that occurs during pregnancy is also called gestational hypertension. This condition can develop rapidly. As a result, it is very common for doctors to monitor your blood pressure thoroughly during pregnancy. Pregnancy can also make pre-existing high blood pressure worse. Therefore, if you plan to get pregnant, it is necessary for you to check your blood pressure regularly.

4. Presentation of body fat.

Compared to men, women have a higher percentage of body fat. It indirectly increases the risk of hypertension in women. A fat that accumulates in the stomach, known as visceral fat, is associated with various diseases including hypertension, high cholesterol, heart disease, and insulin resistance.

5. Increased levels of estrogen and progesterone.

One reason why the risk of hypertension in women is increasing over time is the levels of estrogen and progesterone hormones that are still available. Estrogen and progesterone can protect blood vessels from oxidative reactions due to pollution, food, etc., and prevent vessels from inflammation. The hormone estrogen also affects the balance of the renin-angiotensin system in the kidneys which works to maintain blood pressure stability.

But on the journey, women will experience various conditions such as pregnancy, contraceptive use (especially hormonal contraception), and menopause. These conditions can cause both hormones that previously acted as protectors to experience a drastic decrease in number. Therefore, entering the age of 55 years, women become equally vulnerable, even more vulnerable, experiencing hypertension than men.

How to reduce the risk of getting hypertension?

As for some of the actions that need to be taken to reduce your risk of developing high blood pressure are the same for women and men:
  1. Exercise about 30 to 45 minutes a day, at least five days a week
  2. Eat moderate amounts of calories and low in saturated fats
  3. Diligently check with the doctor
  4. Be sure to talk with your doctor about the risk of high blood pressure. Your doctor will help you to maintain normal blood pressure and your heart health in the best way.
  5. Avoid cigarettes and alcohol
  6. Get enough rest. Sleep for 8 hours every day.
Don't let hypertension take away the quality and opportunity of your life. Do a healthy lifestyle to reduce the risk of hypertension.

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